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2016 will see the 200th anniversary of the eldest famous Bronte sister – Charlotte. We pride ourselves on being able to offer so much wonderful history at such a short distance and therefore wanted to share a brief amount of that history with you, prompted by the ‘Bronte200’ events that will be commencing this year!
Born: 17th March 1777 – Died: 7th June 1861 at the age of 84.
Originally born in Ireland, Patrick was a bright young man with a good education. He eventually became the Church of England perpetual curate of the parish of Haworth, and was also a poet, writer, and polemicist. Patrick fathered his first child in 1814 (Maria) later followed by 5 more children. Unfortunately his eldest two died, leaving the famous Bronte’s. His wife also died in 1821, Patrick attempted to remarry but came to terms with widowhood at the age of 47.
Born: 21st April 1816 – Died: 31st March 1855 at the age of 39
Charlotte is most famous for her novel Jane Eyre which is seen as a literary phenomenon and studied globally in schools and universities. She first published her works under the name Currer Bell. Charlotte was born in Thornton, near Bradford and the family moved to Haworth in 1820. Charlotte attended Clergy Daughters’ School until she was pulled out by her father following the desease of her older sisters. Described as “the motherly friend and guardian of her younger sisters”. Charlotte Bronte later married Arthur Bell Nicholls.
Born: 30th July 1818 – Died: 19th December 1848 at the age of 30
Emily is most famous for her novel Wuthering Heights, which was first published under the name Ellis Bell. Emily was also born in Thornton and similarly studied at Clergy Daughters’ School. Emily became a teacher at a school in Halifax in September 1838. After suffering with stress, Emily became a stay at home daughter and taught herself German out of books and also practiced piano.
Born: 17th January 1820 – Died: 28th May 1849 at the age of 29
Anne is most famous for The Tenant of Wildfell and Agnes Grey although the re-publication of The Tenant of Wildfell Hall was prevented by Charlotte Bronte after Anne’s death, she is not as well known as her sisters. She initially wrote under the name Acton Bell. Anne was mainly home schooled by her father and aunt with her sisters and Anne’s studies at home included music and drawing. Anne, Emily and Branwell had piano lessons from the Keighley church organist. At 19 she left Haworth and worked as a governess between 1839 and 1845. After leaving her teaching position, she fulfilled her literary ambitions.